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Thyroid swelling

Thyroid swelling

Thyroid swelling or Goitre is an unusual swelling of the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland situated at the base of the neck just underneath Adam’s apple. Even though goitres are mostly painless, a huge goitre can cause a cough and make it hard to breathe or swallow.

The most widely known reason for goitres or thyroid swelling is an absence of iodine in the diet regime. Goitre more frequently occurs due to the over-or underproduction of thyroid hormones or to the nodules in the actual organ.

 Treatment relies upon the size of the Goitre, as well as the symptoms and causes. Small goitres that aren’t noticeable and don’t cause problems do not need treatment.

Not every case of thyroid swelling causes symptoms. When they do occur, they may include the following symptoms:

  • Tightness in the throat
  • Coughing
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Difficulty breathing

Commonly known causes are:

  • The overproduction or underproduction of thyroid hormones.
  • Iodine deficiency can lead to the enlargement of the thyroid gland.
  • Grave’s disease: Goiter can occur when the thyroid gland produces too much thyroxine. In a person with Grave’s disease, antibodies may mistakenly attack the thyroid gland, causing the gland to swell up.
  • Hashimoto’s disease: It is an autoimmune disease in which the damaged gland produces little thyroxine, which causes swelling in the gland.
  • Thyroid Cancer
  • Pregnancy
  • Physiological enlargement of thyroid gland


  • Observation: If the swelling is negligible, the doctor suggests a wait and see approach
  • Medications: The doctor may prescribe medication if one has hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism to decrease the size of the Goiter
  • Surgery: The doctor may suggest removing all or part of the gland if it is too painful or uncomfortable
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