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Tonsillitis is an infection caused in the tonsils, two masses of tissue at the back of your throat.

The tonsils act as barriers, catching germs that could somehow enter the airway routes and cause infections. They additionally make antibodies to battle infections. However, once in a while, they get overpowered by germs, bacteria or viruses, causing infections. This can make them swollen and cause problems.

Tonsillitis is common, particularly in kids. It can happen every so often or return over in a short time.

There are three common types of tonsillitis:

  • Acute tonsillitis: The symptoms can last from 3 to 4 days up to 2 weeks.
  • Recurrent tonsillitis: This is when tonsil infection recurs many times a year
  • Chronic tonsillitis: It is when one has a long term infection in the tonsils.

Some of the common causes of tonsillitis are:

  • Streptococcus bacteria
  • Influenza virus
  • Epstein- Barr virus
  • Enteroviruses
  • Parainfluenza viruses
  • Adenoviruses
  • Herpes simplex virus

Treatments for tonsillitis:

The treatment depends on what caused the illness.

  • Medication: If the infection is caused by bacteria, the doctor prescribes antibiotics. These may be in injections or pills to swallow.
  • Home remedies: In case of viral infections, antibiotics do not help. It takes some time to get better. Some home remedies that can help are:
    Taking rest         
    Drinking warm fluids to soothe throat pain
    Eating soft foods
    Using a humidifier
    Gargling with salt water
    Taking pain killers
  • Surgery: This option is opted for only if the infection keeps recurring or isn’t healing. It used to be a very common treatment but is now only prefered if tonsillitis keep occurring more than five times a year.

Some common symptoms are:

  • Swollen tonsils
  • Breathing through the mouth
  • Fever
  • Pus on the tonsils
  • Throat pain
  • Tenderness
  • Headache
  • Ear pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Red tonsils
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Bad breath

Some common symptoms in children may include:

  • Vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Not wanting to eat
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Upset stomach
  • Drooling
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