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Mouth Ulcers

Mouth Ulcers

Mouth ulcers are lesions in the mouth tongue lips or  and gums.

Types of mouth ulcers

There are mainly three types of mouth ulcers-

  • Herpetiform ulceration (HU)
    This type of ulcer is a subtype of aphthous ulcer. HU ulcers recur hastily, and it may appear that the ailment never gets better.
  • Minor ulcers
    This ulcer can differ in size from about 2 to 8 mm (millimetres) across. It gets better within two weeks and will cause minor pain.
  • Major ulcers
    These ulcers are usually irregular in shape and penetrate deeper into the tissue than minor ulcers. They can take several weeks to go away and are likely to leave scrape tissue when they get cured.
  • Skin Ailments
    Many a times disease of skin can affect mucosa of the mouth, which can present as mouth ulcer. Example, Lichen Planus, Pemphigus, etc


Some prevention approaches include:

  • Consulting to a doctor about changing medications that can cause ulcers
  • Avoiding foods that trigger or worsen symptoms of ulcer
  • Maintain the hygiene of your mouth with daily brushing and flossing
  • Avoiding triggers that might cause outbreaks


Here is a list of the following commonly noticed factors that may worsen mouth ulcers:

  • Citrus fruits or foods high in acidity
  • Biting the inside of the cheek
  • Braces, poor-fitting dental plate  and other equipment that may rub against the mouth and gums
  • A skimpy filling
  • Anxiety or stress
  • Hormonal changes during puberty, maternity and menopause
  • Medications such as – beta-blockers and pain killers
  • Genetic factors
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