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Gastroesophageal Reflux

Gastroesophageal Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux, also known as GERD, is a stomach related disorder that influences the ring of muscle between the oesophagus and the stomach. This ring of muscles is known as the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). A person with the disease may get acid reflux, indigestion and heartburn. According to specialists, a few may have it on due to a condition called hiatus hernia. One can ease the GERD symptoms through diet and making a few lifestyle changes. However, some may require medicine or surgery.

The term “gastroesophageal” refers to the stomach and oesophagus. Reflux means to stream back or return. Gastroesophageal reflux is when stomach acids frequently flow back to the oesophagus.

The leading causes of Gastroesophageal reflux or GERD are:

Typically, the LES opens to permit food into the stomach. At that point, it closes to stop food and acidic stomach juices from streaming back into your throat. Gastroesophageal reflux happens when the LES is weak or loosens up when it shouldn’t. This allows the stomach’s fluids to flow up into the throat.

Treatments for GERD

Treatments are to cut down the amount of reflux and to lessen the damage caused by it. Some treatments are:

  • Antacids: They help neutralize the acid and thus reduce heartburn.
  • H2 blockers: Help reduce acid in the stomach.
  • Prokinetics: Help empty the stomach so that there is not much acid left behind.
  • Proton pump inhibitors: These drugs stop a protein that is required to make stomach acids.
  • Lifestyle and dietary changes

Common symptoms of GERD include:

  • Chest pain
  • Heartburn
  • Difficulty swallowing, Pricking sensation in throat
  • Feeling a lump or Foreign body in the throat
  • Feeling a sour liquid in the mouth
  • Disrupted sleep
  • Chronic dry cough
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Bad breath
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